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A Look at How THC & CBD Oil is Made in Ohio

Cannabis-based infusions have been around since as early as 1450 BC. The Biblical book of Exodus refers to anointing oil made from “…kaneh-bosem, a substance identified by respected etymologists, linguists, anthropologists, botanists and other researchers as cannabis.” (1) Today’s cannabis and CBD oils are prepared using far more advanced technology, offering patients the opportunity to benefit from this amazing plant in a variety of ways based on their needs and desires. An Ohio Medical Marijuana Doctor will be able to help you decide what routes and doses are best for you. Take our quick eligibility survey to find out if you pre-qualify for your Ohio medical marijuana card.

People have been infusing cannabis into oils and other liquids for centuries. These infusions were used ceremonially as well as medicinally. In the United States, cannabis was recognized for its medicinal properties and added to The U.S. Pharmacopoeia in 1850. It was used to treat over 100 separate illnesses or diseases and was one of  the items most used as medicine until 1937, when it was criminalized .(2) In 1942, during WWII, scientists working for the US government discovered that a strong cannabis extract injected into the food or cigarettes given to prisoners of war or enemy spies functioned as a kind of truth serum, enabling them to be interrogated more effectively. (3) Modern extraction techniques using solvents to create hash oil can be traced back to the 1970s. (4)

CBD oil and cannabis oil are created by extracting the active components of the hemp or cannabis plant. There are currently 3 methods available to achieve this:

  • CO2 Extraction is the most expensive option, but results in the purest oil. It uses supercooled and condensed carbon dioxide to cool and then extract the oil without leaving any chemicals or residue behind. This method is best for products that will be used for oral use or smoking. 
  • The Oil Method is popular with do-it-yourself enthusiasts because it is inexpensive and safe. Plant matter is cooked in a base oil, usually olive oil. It results in an extract that is good for cooking or using in topical preparations. 
  • The Ethanol Method involves soaking the cannabis or hemp in high-grade grain alcohol to extract the oil. This method also removes some beneficial components of cannabis. The resulting product is most often used to fill vape cartridges and is used by many commercial laboratories. (5)

What are the differences between Hemp Seed Oil, Hemp Oil, and Cannabis Oil?

Hemp Seed Oil is made from the seeds of the hemp plant. It contains no CBD but is rich in antioxidants, omega fatty acids, and amino acids. It is a good carrier oil – it can be used to dilute essential oils for massages, aromatherapy, or skin care applications. (6,7)

Hemp Oil /CBD Oil comes from plants containing less than 0.3% THC by dry weight. It is extracted from the parts of the hemp plant high in CBD. It is known for its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties. 

  • Full Spectrum CBD Oil comes from the full plant and contains CBD as well as other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. It can also contain trace amounts of THC, which may show up on a drug test.
  • Broad Spectrum CBD Oil can best be described as full spectrum CBD oil with all traces of THC removed. 
  • Isolates only contain pure CBD oil. Terpenes, other cannabinoids including THC, and flavonoids have all been removed during the extraction process. (7)

Cannabis Oil is extracted from cannabis plants containing more than 0.3% THC. Depending on the process used, it may include part or all of the beneficial components of the plant. 

    • Butane Honey Oil/BHO uses liquid butane as a solvent. The butane is later removed using one of a number of techniques. BHO is resin-like, thick and sticky. It is generally high in cannabinoids and THC. It can be dabbed or used in a portable vaporizer. 
  • Rick Simpson Oil is made using food grade alcohol. Because of the time and temperature required to remove the alcohol, the resulting product has already been decarboxylated or activated, so it can be taken orally or sublingually instead of needing to be smoked or vaporized. (8)
  • Distillates are the result of using heat to vaporize cannabinoids, stripping everything else away. This produces a highly concentrated, clean, solvent-free liquid. Unfortunately, the heat required for distillation means terpenes are destroyed; if the finished product is to include terpenes, they must be added back in after the process is complete. Without the reintroduction of terpenes, distillates are odorless and tasteless. It is important to note that distillation does not remove all pesticides and toxins, so the raw plant matter must be safe. (9)

What are the benefits of CBD Oil and Cannabis Oil?

CBD Oil has many beneficial uses. 

  • Helps decrease chronic pain from diseases like arthritis and MS as well as providing relief to post-surgical patients. Is effective in topical applications like creams, ointments, and massage oils.
  • Eases symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as insomnia in patients with PTSD.
  • Reduces nausea, vomiting, and pain related to cancer and its treatment.
  • May help reduce acne.
  • Exhibits neuroprotective properties, which may help patients with neurological diseases such as seizure disorder, MS, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s.  Not only does it decrease the severity of symptoms, but it can help these patients sleep better and experience an increased quality of life.
  • Helps lower blood pressure and reduce the symptoms of heart disease.
  • May help reduce psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia and other mental disorders.
  • Can be used to help patients with substance abuse issues by decreasing their dependence on opioids.
  • May help prevent the growth and spread of cancerous tumors.
  • Aids blood sugar stabilization in diabetic patients by reducing insulin resistance. (10)

Cannabis Oil offers therapeutic benefits as well.

  • Helps control convulsions in patients with seizure disorder, especially when the product also contains CBD.
  • Stimulates the appetite. 
  • Temporarily reduces eye pressure in patients with glaucoma.
  • Eases pain, both chronic and acute.
  • Decreases anxiety.
  • Helps with muscle spasticity related to Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, MS, and other neurodegenerative disease processes.
  • Promotes restful sleep, even helping decrease the incidence of nightmares in patients with PTSD by reducing the time spent in the REM cycle. (11)
  • Improves lung capacity – it is being studied as a possible treatment for asthma.
  • Shows promise in helping patients with autism decrease the incidence of violent mood swings and self-abusive behaviors.
  • Helps decrease inflammation in diseases like Crohn’s, IBS, and inflammatory bowel disease. (12)

CBD oil and Cannabis oil show promise in helping to treat a number of health conditions. Whether used on the skin, taken orally, or used to make edibles, their benefits are widespread. Finding the right dose, route, and product for you may take some time, but the results will be worth the effort. Medical cannabis can help re-establish balance and harmony in your body’s systems and improve your quality of life. 

  1. https://medicalmarijuana.procon.org/historical-timeline/
  2. http://www.electricemperor.com/eecdrom/TEXT/TXTCH12.HTM
  3. http://www.advancedholistichealth.org/history.html
  4. https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/where-did-cannabis-dabs-come-from
  5. https://my420tours.com/cannabis-oil-basics/
  6. https://www.healthline.com/health/carrier-oil
  7. https://life.spartan.com/post/hemp-extract
  8. https://www.alchimiaweb.com/blogen/types-cannabis-oils/
  9. https://www.royalqueenseeds.com/blog-cannabis-distillate-what-is-it-and-why-is-it-important-n705
  10. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/cbd-oil-benefits#section7
  11. https://www.healthline.com/health/cbd-vs-thc#side-effects
  12. https://www.healtheuropa.eu/health-benefits-of-cannabis/92499/